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Contract Law

Contract Law is the area of law most commonly encountered by citizens in everyday life. We all buy goods and services, we make deals with strangers and we work for employers based on certain terms and conditions. All these commercial transactions are governed by the law of contract. It is therefore hardly surprising that this is one of the most actively litigated- and most exhaustively examined- areas of law. Whether it is a dispute between a contractor and a property owner or a demand for money due and owing in a commercial transaction, people instinctively understand that contracts surround and effect them in countless ways every day. The posts below explore different aspects of contract law. Some of them describing the cutting edge of new caselaw. Others look back to precedents which can be hundreds of years old to illuminate current issues.

Professional Negligence

Many professionals (doctors, solicitors, dentists, architects, surveyors etc.) provide services to “consumers”.
Section 2 (1) of the Consumer Protection Act 2007 defines a consumer:


Insurance Claims

See HERE for a post on the possibility of difficulties with insurance companies. Readers might like to know of the provisions of Section 55 (3) (f) of the Consumer Protection Act 2007. It reads: “55.- (3) A trader shall not engage in any of the following commercial practices: … (d) in relation to a consumer’s claim on an insurance policy, doing either or both of the following: (i) requiring the consumer to produce documents irrelevant to the validity of the […]


Stolen goods

In the world of commerce, possession alone is insufficient to transact business; title or ownership is indispensable.


Policy? What Policy?

This can cause difficulty for the insured person, but more often than not, it causes profound difficulties for the insurance company.


Accident: Settlement (Sign Here…)

The courts have frequently rejected arguments that claims have been settled, as purportedly evidenced by “releases” signed by Plaintiffs.


Pay Up!

There is a problem however with most mortgage loan approvals; they do not guarantee the actual provision of the money. They are subject to conditions and the offer of finance can be withdrawn before drawdown.



The fact that the auditors in that case escaped by the skin of their teeth shows life is going to get difficult for the profession.



Insurance has a strange aspect which we often overlook; we are happy that we did not need it.



Furthermore, if the defendant insurer is claiming that the claim falls into an exception specified in the contract of insurance, it is for the insurer defendant to prove that fact and not for the plaintiff insured to disprove it.



Of course, what Eoin O’Dell is too courteous to point out is that it is not an attractive human feature to try to avoid paying, or properly paying, for a service, but that is a vain complaint in the knowledge that some people contract, through the internet, with anonymous suppliers of drugs…