A well-wisher has directed me to page E-137 of the Garda Síochána Guide
The latest edition of the Garda Guide has been published. The Guide is a compendium of the Criminal law of Ireland.
The Supreme Court held that this could only be read prospectively (into the future) and did not avail the State in its arguments. (The Supreme Court also found that the Act, as so read, was constitutional. It also found that the offence “assault occasioning actual bodily harm” was a common law offence.)
n 1984 President Ronald Reagan visited Ireland. There were public protests and demonstrations at his visit. He stayed for a time in the residence of the US ambassador in the Phoenix Park. A number of women took up position in a grassy area across the road from the entrance to the ambassador’s residence with the apparent intention of signaling their protest to President Reagan as he entered and left. He never saw them.
It’s easier to forget than to remember. If a witness has forgotten things it is permissible, sometimes, for the witness to check a written record of what has been forgotten.
Is it proper, therefore, to convict a person of a criminal offence having simply established that that person believed the property was the proceeds of a criminal offence? Or, even more so, having simply established that the circumstances of the arrest of the person is the basis of an inference of the belief or thoughts of the person; that is, it is not established either that the property is the proceeds of criminal activity or that the person thought so.
Exemptions aside, anyone who âconducts investigationsâ? for a client, for remuneration is required to have a licence.
There is a perception that circumstantial evidence is inferior to direct evidence. That perception is wrong but its articulation often conceals a deeper problem; the ability to understand the relationship of one fact to another fact is a variable and is dependent on the discovery of that factual relationship, by society, and, fortuitously, intelligence in the individual to make the discovery his/her own.